Taiwan Mandate Agreement

Taiwan Mandate Agreement: What You Need to Know

In 1945, near the end of World War II, Taiwan was ceded to the Republic of China (ROC) by Japan. However, the ROC never had full control over Taiwan`s territorial waters due to various reasons, including political considerations and a lack of resources.

Recently, the issue of Taiwan`s mandate agreement has come to the forefront of international news as tensions between Taiwan and China continue to rise. In this article, we will delve into what the Taiwan Mandate Agreement entails and why it is important.

What is the Taiwan Mandate Agreement?

The Taiwan Mandate Agreement, also known as the Cairo Declaration, was a document signed by representatives of the United States, Great Britain, and China in 1943. The agreement stated that Japan would be stripped of all territories it had acquired since the beginning of World War I, including Taiwan.

The ROC government, then led by Chiang Kai-shek, was not present at the signing of the agreement but was informed of it afterward. The ROC government considered the agreement to be a confirmation of its territorial claim over Taiwan, which it had already occupied.

Why is the Taiwan Mandate Agreement Important?

The Taiwan Mandate Agreement is important because it is the legal basis for Taiwan`s claim to sovereignty. It confirms that Taiwan was part of Japan`s territory before World War II and was transferred to the ROC after the war.

However, China has always maintained that Taiwan is an integral part of its territory and has never renounced its claim to Taiwan. In recent years, China has increased its pressure on Taiwan both politically and militarily, causing concerns in the international community.

In 1971, the United Nations General Assembly passed a resolution that recognized the People`s Republic of China as the only legitimate representative of China in the UN. As a result, Taiwan lost its seat in the UN, which further complicated its international status.

Today, Taiwan is recognized as a sovereign state by only a handful of countries, and China continues to put pressure on other countries to not recognize Taiwan`s sovereignty.


The Taiwan Mandate Agreement is a crucial document that confirms Taiwan`s claim to sovereignty. However, given China`s position on Taiwan, the issue remains highly contentious. As tensions between Taiwan and China continue to rise, it is important for the international community to recognize and respect Taiwan`s sovereignty.

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