Beyond ratifications, many countries have also met a key requirement of the agreement by formulating their national contributions (NDC). NDCs are individual countries` efforts to achieve climate change goals. In their NDCs, most African countries have announced plans to prioritize climate-friendly development activities, particularly in economic sectors such as agriculture and energy. USAID, 2017: Senegal Climate Change Risk Profile. www.climatelinks.org/resources/climate-change-risk-profile-senegal The Paris Agreement focuses on opportunities offered by African economic sectors; What remains is for countries to implement the agreement with full consideration of national development needs. Climate change has serious and inevitable consequences in many parts of the world – a trend that will continue, even if the ambitious goal of the Paris agreement to limit the increase in global temperature to 1.5 to 2 degrees Celsius by 2100 is achieved. That is why the agreement places great importance on adaptation to climate change. The adaptation targets set by governments in their NPOs for the Paris Agreement are an important starting point. However, experience shows that national environmental action plans or national adaptation plans (CAPs) of developing countries often rely too much on the mobilization of international financial resources. In April 2017, of the 143 countries that have ratified the agreement to date, 33 are in Africa, including Benin, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Chad, Ethiopia, Gabon, Gambia, Kenya, Nigeria, Somalia, Tunisia, Uganda and Zambia. This is 60% of the total number of African countries.
Due to vague INDC guidelines, the nature of submissions and the manner in which each country has defined its objectives vary widely. Some DNDs are formulated in relation to GDP, while others are based on reducing emissions relative to peak years or on the pre-eminence period of a « business as usual » scenario.  To view the current list of all SUBMITTed INDC shipments, go to the UN inDC submission page. All UN members have made human rights commitments in the context of climate change and the vast majority of governments have already called for better integration of human rights in climate responses, identified obstacles to implementation or best practices, and/or received specific guidance from UN agencies. Nepal posted its INDC on the UNFCCC website on 11 February 2016. The country wants to reduce its dependence on fossil fuels by 50% and achieve 80% electrification (both on the grid and from the grid) through a mix of renewable energy sources. These targets are expected to be met by 2025. According to the World Bank, an inventory report that identifies Senegal`s adaptation planning and budgeting needs for agricultural value chains in Africa, if used correctly, can reduce poverty two to four times faster than any other sector. The estimated value of the agricultural sector by 2030 is $1 trillion and could potentially create 17 million jobs, the bank said. In the Democratic Republic of Congo, for example, a group of young entrepreneurs (farmers) are using clean energy to turn cassava (a local crop resistant to climate change) into flour. They pack and normalize the flour before selling it.
A farmer can raise up to $4,000 a week. This business model reinforces the overall argument in favour of green initiatives, which is that it can be a win-win situation: environmental protection can also benefit from the balance sheet.